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The Organs of Hope College

Listen to the Skinner Organ (scroll down)
See photos of the Skinner Organ restoration
E.M. Skinner Organ Dedication Booklet (pdf)

Chancel Organ

Built by the E. M. Skinner Organ Company of Boston, Massachusetts

The main organ in the front of Dimnent Chapel was installed in 1929. It contains forty-eight ranks of pipes making a total of 2,932 pipes in all. These are distributed over six divisions that are controlled by a console with four manuals and a pedal keyboard. The longest pipe is 16 feet long and about 16 inches square; the smallest pipe is about one-half inch long. The organ also has two percussion stops: a set of chimes and a mechanical harp. In 1963 it was cleaned, refurbished, releathered and regulated.

The Great, Choir and Pedal divisions are located in the chambers to the left, the Swell di- vision is located in the chamber to the right and the Solo division is located in a chamber above the proscenium arch. The Echo section and the chimes are located in a chamber which opens in the southwest corner of the gallery. The action of the organ is electro-pneumatic, and wind pressures range from 5 to 15 inches.

Several of the divisions reflect the goals of organ builders from the American Romantic period of the early 1900’s, and boast numerous 8 foot (unison) stops. Such stops are intended to imitate instruments of the symphony orchestra rather than to function as members of the classic organ ensemble. Complete diapason and reed choruses are found on the Great and Swell divisions, however, these two divisions provide the full traditional manual ensemble of the instrument.


Great Organ
Bourdon (Pedal extension) 16’ 17 pipes
First Diapason 8’ 61 pipes
Second Diapason 8’ 61 pipes
Flute Harmonique 8’ 61 pipes
Principal 4’ 61 pipes
Flute 4’ 61 pipes
Fifteenth 2’ 61 pipes
Mixture IV ranks 2’ 244 pipes
Tuba 8’ 61 pipes
Clarion 4’ 61 pipes

Swell Organ (under expression)
Diapason 8’ 73 pipes
Rohrfloete 8’ 73 pipes
Flauto Dolce 8’ 73 pipes
Flute Celeste 8’ 61 pipes
Salicional 8’ 73 pipes
Voix Celeste 8’ 73 pipes
Octave 4’ 73 pipes
Flute Triangulaire 4’ 73 pipes
Mixture V ranks 2’ 305 pipes
Waldhorn 16’ 73 pipes
Trumpet 8’ 73 pipes
Oboe 8’ 73 pipes
Vox Humana 8’ 73 pipes
Clarion 4’ 73 pipes

Choir Organ (under expression)
Geigen 8’ 73 pipes
Concert Flute 8’ 73 pipes
Dulciana 8’ 73 pipes
Unda Maris 8’ 61 pipes
Flute 4’ 73 pipes
Nazard 2 2/3’ 61 pipes

English Horn 8’ 73 pipes
Harp 8’ (61 bars and resonators)
Celesta 4’

Solo Organ (under expression)
Gamba 8’ 73 pipes
Gamba Celeste 8’ 73 pipes
French Horn 8’ 73 pipes
Tuba Mirabilis 8’ 73 pipes

Echo Organ (under expression)
Diapason 8’ 73 pipes
Fernfloete 8’ 73 pipes
Vox Humana 8’ 73 pipes
Tromba 8’ 73 pipes
Chimes 8’ ( 25 tubular bells)

Diapason 32’ (Lowest 12 resultant)
Diapason 16’ 32 pipes
Bourdon 16’ 32 pipes
Octave 8’ 12 pipes
Gedeckt 8’ 12 pipes
Flute 4’ 12 pipes
Trombone 16’ 32 pipes
Tromba 8’ 12 pipes
Clarion 4’ 12 pipes

The organ has a total of 8 unison, 12 octave, and 6 pedal couplers. There are 4 adjustable general combination pistons affecting all stops; 6 combination pistons for the Great, Choir, Solo/Echo, and Pedal divisions, and 8 for the Swell division.


Teaching Studio Organ

Built by J. W. Walker & Sons Ltd. of Brandon, Suffolk, England

The studio organ was made possible by a generous gift from Mr. Gerritt Hospers (‘49). Dr. Huw Lewis and the late Andrew Pennells, who was also responsible for all the technical details of the pipes, chests, action,and winding systems, drew up the specification. (This instrument was the last to be designed by Andrew Pennells, who died before the organ was completed.) Construction of the instrument began in 1999 in England, and the organ was installed in the summer of 2000. J. W. Walker’s Tonal Director, David Wilson, carried out the voicing of all pipes on location. David Graber designed the organ’s case. The organ was formally dedicated on October 6, 2000.

The organ was conceived as a teaching instrument for an undergraduate curriculum; therefore, it was designed to be a versatile organ expected to accommodate a broad cross- section of organ literature rather than the music of one particular historical tradition. But while the organ is flexible, it is not an eclectic instrument. Rather it is an instrument that very much continues the tradition of post-Restoration English organ builders, who, upon returning from an extended period of Continental exile, consistently grafted French, German, and Dutch ideas onto a well-defined English tradition which evolved without ever being abruptly abandoned.

The organ consists of four divisions: Great, Swell, Choir, and Pedal. Of the thirty-four speaking stops, seven are either partially or wholly derived, yielding a total of 1,971 pipes.
The manual compass is 61 notes (C – c4), while that of the pedal is 32 notes (C – g1). The curving terraced arrangement of the stops reflects the influence of CavaillÚ-Coll. The key, pedal, coupling, and expression actions are mechanical; the drawstop and combination ac- tions are electric. There are eight combination pistons for each of the four divisions: the Great and Pedal combinations may be coupled. Eight general combination pistons are avail- able on either manual or toe pistons. All couplers may be operated by reversible toe and manual pistons. A solid state logic system provides 96 levels of memory and a combination sequencer, which may be archived onto a standard floppy disc. The organ is tuned in an unequal (though unrestricted) temperament developed in the 1980’s by H. A. Kellner. There are two interchangeable pedal boards, a standard ‘Anglo-American’ pedal board, and one


Great Organ
Open Diapason 8’ 61 pipes
Gamba 8’ 61 pipes
Stopped Flute 8’ 61 pipes
Principal 4’ 61 pipes
Harmonic Flute 4’ 61 pipes
Twelfth 2 2/3’ 61 pipes
Fifteenth 2’ 61 pipes
Furniture IV 1 1/3’ 244 pipes
Trumpet 8’ 61 pipes

Swell Organ
Chimney Flute 8’ 61 pipes
Salicional 8’ 61 pipes
Voix CÚleste (from F) 8’ 56 pipes
Geigen Principal 4’ 61 pipes
Open Flute 4’ 61 pipes
Nazard 2 2/3’ 61 pipes
Flageolet 2’ 61 pipes
Tierce 1 3/5’ 61 pipes
Mixture III 1’ 183 pipes
Bassoon 16’ 61 pipes
Hautboy 8’ 61 pipes
Tremulant (affecting Swell and Choir)

Choir Organ
Stopped Diapason* 8’ 37 pipes
Gemshorn** 4’ 37 pipes
Spire Flute*** 4’ 37 pipes
Fifteenth 2’ 61 pipes
Larigot 1 1/3’ 61 pipes
Piccolo 1’ 61 pipes
Cremona 8’ 61 pipes
* Pipes 1-24 borrowed from the Swell Chimney Flute
** Pipes 1-24 borrowed from the Swell Geigen Principal
*** Pipes 1-24 borrowed from the Swell Open Flute

Pedal Organ
Subbass 16’ 32 pipes
Principal (from Great) 8’
Violoncello (from Great) 8’
Bass Flute (from Great) 8’
Fifteenth 4’ 32 pipes
Fagotto 16’ 32 pipes
Trumpet (from Great) 8’
Tremulant (affecting Pedal and Great)



Gallery Organ

Built by Pels & van Leeuwen, Orgelmakers of Alkmaar, the Netherlands

The gallery organ in Dimnent Memorial Chapel was built in 1970 in the style of the 17th and 18th century Dutch organ. Its pipes and action are self-contained in an oak case with speaking pipes forming a prospect across the front opening. The key action is completely mechanical, and the wind pressure is low. The organ has three divisions: the Bovenwerk, played on the upper keyboard; the Hoofdwerk, the main division played on the lower keyboard; and the Pedaal. The principal rank of pipes for each of these divisions is called the Prestant (‘show pipes’), and is located in the organ’s case. As one looks at the front of the instrument the location of the pipes for each division becomes clearly apparent: the two ‘side towers’ house the Pedaal, the upper central section houses the Bovenwerk (‘upper works’), and the lower central section houses the Hoofdwerk. The organ was a gift from Edsko and Claire Hekman in thanks to Hope College for providing their daughter Rosemary “with a priceless education.”


Hoofdwerk Bovenwerk Pedaal

Bourdon 16’ 56 pipes
Prestant 8’ 56 pipes
Roerfluit 8’ 56 pipes
Octaaf 4’ 56 pipes
Spitsfluit 4’ 56 pipes
Nazard 2 2/3’ 56 pipes Superoctaaf 2’ 56 pipes
Terts 1 3/5’ 56 pipes
Mixtuur IV 1 1/3’ 224 pipes Cimbel III 1/2’ 168 pipes Trompet 8’ 56 pipes

Holpijp 8’ 56 pipes
Prestant 4’ 56 pipes Roerfluit 4’ 56 pipes Kegelpijp 2’ 56 pipes Spitskwint 1 1/3’ 56 pipes Scherp III 1’ 56 pipes Kromhoorn 8’ 56 pipes Tremulant


Subbas 16’ 30 pipes
Bourdon (HW) 16’
Prestant 8’ 30 pipes
Gedekt 8’ 30 pipes
Octaaf 4’ 30 pipes
Mixtuur IV 2’ 120 pipes
Bazuin 16’ 30 pipes
Schalmei 4’ 30 pipes
There are three couplers: Bovenwerk to Hoofd- werk, Hoofdwerk to Pedaal and Bovenwerk to Pedaal.