Lee Kiessel's pictureLee Kiessel

Hope College

Research Professors - Dr. Paul DeYoung, Graham Piaslee

Supported by the NSF-RUI


The Effects of a Neutron Skin on Fusion of 6He and 209>Bi near the Coulomb Barrier

This summer I divided my time among three different projects. I finished up one experiment did a little bit of work on another and I began work on a third.

For the first part of the summer I finished up an experiment involving 6He. 6He is not and ordinary nucleus. It has what is called a neutron skin. Two of its neutrons extend beyond its 4He core. The experiment aims at a better understanding of this skin by examining how it affects fusion.

In the experiment, conducted at the Notre Dame Nuclear Structures Lab, a stream of 6He particles was accelerated and shot at a 209Bi target at energies near the coulomb barrier (20.51 MeV and 21.97 MeV). The coulomb barrier is the minimum energy you must give the particles in order for them to overcome the coulomb repulsion force and touch. Because the particles barely come in contact the effects of the neutron skin will be significant. This reaction forms 215At, which has a lot of excess energy. To dissipate some of that energy it evaporates off two neutrons, which leaves 213At. 213At alpha decays with a half-life of 125-ns. By measuring the number of alpha particles from 213At the number of 6He that fused with 209Bi can be determined.

From previous work and my own, the fusion cross section is calculated for both energies. The cross section is a measure of how much fusion is occurring. It was expected that there would be an enhancement of fusion due to the neutron skin. This fusion enhancement that was previously seen in the 3-neutron evaporation channel is not seen in the 2n. With the contradiction between these results, we can only conclude that we need to know more about 6He before we can understand how it behaves in fusion.

The second project I worked on this summer was an experiment with 11C. The experiment was conducted at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley California. This experiment is intended to measure the pre-fission fusion cross sections for 11C. The 11C is collided with 197Au, 196Pt, 196Pt, and 198Pt targets to create an excited compound nuclei which fissions. Most of my work involved reanalyzing the data with a new program called IDL development environment. IDL stands for interactive data language, which is the programming language used in the program. The program is array orientated and it provides many options for visual display.

My third and current project is an experiment that was performed at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University. The experiment is studying the elastic scattering of 17O and 36Ar. At the present time little work has been done as far as data analysis so there is not much to say about it.

This summer I learned quite a bit about what it takes to conduct research and a lot about physics. This was accomplished while having a great time too.

Click to see a slide show of Lee Kiessel's work.


Publications and Presentations:
“Quantitative Analysis of Metalloprotein Stoichiometry with PIXIE and PESA.” J.D. Warner*, P.A. DeYoung, L.A. Ellsworth*, M.J. Rycenga*, L.M. Kiessel*, and G.F. Peaslee. Accepted for publication in Nucl. Inst. And Meth. B, (2010).

“PIXE and PESA Analysis of Metalloprotein Stoichiometry.” G.F. Peaslee, P.A. DeYoung, L.A. Ellsworth*, L.M. Kiessel*, M.J. Rycenga*, and J.D. Warner*. PIXE 2007, 11th International Conference on Particle-Induced X-Ray Emission and its Analytical Applications. Puebla, Mexico. May 26, 2007.

“Analysis of Event-Mode Data with Interactive Data Language.” P.A. DeYoung, B.B. Hilldore*, L.M. Kiessel*, and G.F. Peaslee. Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 505, 294 (2003).

“Coulomb Excitation of Giant Resonances with Heavy Ion Projectiles.” B.B. Hilldore*, B. Atallah*, P.A. DeYoung, L.Kiessel*, M.K. MacDermaid*, G.F. Peaslee, D. Bazin, K. Govaert, B. Sherrill, M. Thoennessen, J. Beene, B. Blank, M. Chartier, F. Liang, R. Varner. Paper 5P1.073. Division of Nuclear Physics Fall Meeting. East Lansing, MI, October 2002.

“Analysis of Event-Mode Data with Interactive Date Language.” P.A. DeYoung, B.B. Hilldore*, L.M. Kiessel*, and G.F. Peaslee. 2002 Symposium on Radiation Measurements and Applications, University of Michigan, April 2002.

“Proton Elastic Scattering from 7Be at Low Energies.” G.V. Rogachev, J.J. Kolata, F.D. Becchetti, P.A. DeYoung, M. Hencheck, K. Helland*, J.D. Hinnefeld, B. Hughey*, P.L. Jolivette, L.M. Kiesel*, H.Y. Lee, M.Y Lee, T.W. O’Donnell, G.F. Peaslee, D. Peterson, D.A. Roberts, P. Santi, and S.A. Shaheen. Phys. Rev. C 64, 061601 (2001).

“Fusion of 6He with 209Bi Near and Above the Barrier.” P.A. DeYoung, B. Atallah*, B. Hughey*, P.L. Jolivette, M. Kern*, L. Kiessel*, A. Nowlin*, G.F. Peaslee, V. Guimares, J.J. Kolata, D. Peterson, P. Santi, R. White-Stevens, E.F. Aguilera, E. Martinez-Quiroz, F.D. Becchetti, M.Y. Lee, J.A. Zimmerman, J.D. Hinnefeld, and O.A. Capurro. Paper KB.004. Division of Nuclear Physics Fall Meeting. Williamsburg, VA, October 2000.