Hope College Department of Physics and Engineering
Research Experiences for Undergraduates
Summer 2002
Project Summary

Project Title: Understanding 209Bi[6He,4He] Near The Coulomb Barrier
Student Name: Joseph Bychowski
Studentís home institution: Hope College
Research Advisor(s): P. A. DeYoung, G. F. Peaslee
Source of Support (NSF-REU, or other): NSF Grant: PHY-0098061

 

The radioactive nucleus, 6He, has been studied widely because its neutron skin greatly affects that manner in which it interacts with other nuclei. In a previous experiment, 6He+209Bi at energies near the Coulomb barrier1, the cross section for alpha particle emission was found to be surprisingly large. There are three likely reactions that may produce the observed alpha particles; two-neutron transfer, one-neutron transfer, and projectile breakup. Each of these mechanisms results in a different angular distribution of associated neutrons. In order to determine the cross section for these different mechanisms, an experiment was performed to measure the angular distribution of neutrons in coincidence with alpha particles. A 22.9 MeV 6He beam was produced with the University of Notre Dameís TwinSol radioactive nuclear beam facility and directed onto a thin 209Bi target. The alpha particles were detected with two  D E-E Si telescopes and the neutrons were measured with eight liquid scintillator detectors. The data shows a strong neutron angular dependence.

 
 


 

Monte Carlo simulations of both one-neutron transfer and projectile breakup reactions were done in order to better understand the angular dependence of the neutron distributions in the experiment.

 
It is clear that cause of the experimentally observed angular distribution of neutrons is a result of the combination of both projectile breakup and 1-n transfer. Work is being done to quantify the contribution of both models as a fraction of total 4He yield.

1E.F. Aguilera, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5058 (2000).
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Publications and Presentations:
“Doppler Shift as a Tool for Studies of Resonant (p,n) Reactions with RIBs: Spectroscopy of 7He.” P. Boutachkov, G.V. Rogachev, V.Z. Goldberg, A. Aprahamian, F.D. Becchetti, J.P. Bychowski*, Y. Chen, G.Chubarian, P.A. DeYoung, J.J. Kolata, L.O. Lamm, G.F. Peaslee, M. Quinnm, B.B. Skorodumov, A. Wöhr. AIP Conf. Proc. 819, 221 (2006).
“A Large Segmented Neutron Detector for Reaction Studies with Radioactive Beams Near the Coulomb Barrier.” J.J. Kolata, H. Amro, M. Cloughesy, P.A. DeYoung, J.P. Bychowski*, J. Reith*, and G. Peaslee. Nucl. Instr. And Meth. A557, 594 (2006).
“Doppler Shift as a Tool for Studies of isobaric Analog States of neutron-Rich Nuclei: Application to 7He.” P. Boutachkov, G.V. Rogachev, V.Z. Goldberg, A. Aprahamian, F.D. Becchetti, J.P. Bychowski*, Y. Chen, G. Chubarian, P.A. DeYoung, J.J. Kolata, L.O. Lamm, G.F. Peaslee, M. Quinn, B.B. Skorodumov, and A. Wöhr. Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 132502 (2005).
“Isobaric Analog States of Neutron-Rich Nuclei. Doppler Shift as a Measurement Tool for Resonance Excitation Functions.” P. Boutachkov, G.V. Rogachev, V.Z. Goldberg, A. Aprahamian, F.D. Becchetti, J.P. Bychowski*, Y.Chen, G. Chubarian, P.A. DeYoung, J.J. Kolata, L.O. Lamm, G.F. Peaslee, M. Quinn, B.B. Skorodumov, and A. Wöhr. Eur. Phys. J. A25, 259 (2005).
“The (8Li, α) reaction at Low Energy: Direct 4H Cluster Transfer?” F.D. Becchetti, R.S. Raymond, D.A. Roberts, J. Lucido, P.A. DeYoung, B. Hilldore*, J. Bychowski*, A.J. Huisman*, P.J. VanWylen*, J.J. Kolata, G. Rogachev, and J.D. Hinnefeld. Phys. Rev. C 71, 054610 (2005).
“Construction of a Modular Large-Area Neutron Detector.” T. Baumann, J. Boike*, J. Brown, M. Bullinger, J.P. Bychoswki*, S. Clark*, K. Daum*, P.A. DeYoung, J.V. Evans*, J. Finck, N. Frank, A. Grant, J. Hinnefeld, G.W. Hitt, R.H. Howes, B. Isselhartdt*, K.W. Kemper, J. Longacre*, Y. Lu, B. Luther, S.T. Marley*, D. Mccollum*, E. McDonald*, U. Onwuemene*, P.V. Pancella, G.F. Peaslee, W.A. Peters, M. Rajabali*, J. Robertson*, W.F. Rogers, S.L. Tabor, M. Thoennessen, E. Tryggestad, R.E. Turner*, P.J. VanWylen*, and N. Walker*. Nucl. Instr. And Meth. A543, 517 (2005).
“Doppler Shift as Spectroscopy Tool in Experiments With Unstable Beams and its Application for 7He.” P. Boutachkov, G.V. Rogachev, A. Aprahamian, J.J. Kolata, L.O. Lamm, M. Quinn, B.B. Skorodumov, A. Wohr, V.Z. Goldberg, G. Chubarian, J.P. B;ychowski*, P.A. DeYoung, G.F. Peaslee, F.D. Becchetti, and Y. Chen. Paper BC.002. Division of Nuclear Physics Fall Meeting. Chicago IL, October 2004.
209Bi(6He,α) Reaction Mechanisms Studied Near the Coulomb Barrier Using n-a Coincidence Measurements.” J.P. Bychowski*, P.A. DeYoung, BB. Hilldore*, J.D. Hinnefeld, A. Vida*, F.D. Becchetti, J. Lupton, T.W. O’Donnell, J.J. Kolata, G. Rogachev, and M. Hencheck. Phys. Lett. 596B, 26 (2004).

“Analog states of 7He Observed via the 6He(p,n) Reaction.” G.V. Rogachev, J. Bychowski*, P. Boutachkov, A. Aprahamian, F.D. Becchetti, Y. Chen, G. Chubarian, P.A. DeYoung, V.Z. Goldberg, J.J. Kolata, G.F. Peaslee, M. Quinn, B.B. Skorodumov, and A. Wöhr. Rev. Lett. 92, 232502 (2004).
“Study of the (8Li,α) Reaction at Low Energy: Direct 4H Transfer?” F.D. Becchetti, D.A. Roberts, J. Lucido, P.A. DeYoung, B. Hilldore*, J. Bychowski*, J.J. Kolata, and G. Rocharchev. The Sixth International Conference on Radioactive Nuclear Beams, Argonne, Il, September 2003.
“The MoNA Project.” P.J. VanWylen*, J.P. Bychowski*, P.A. DeYoung, G.F. Peaslee, and the MoNA Consortium. Paper 5P1.071. Division of Nuclear Physics Fall Meeting. East Lansing, MI, October 2002.
“Understanding the 209Bi(6He,4He) Reaction Mechanisms Near the Coulomb Barrier.” J.P. Bychowski*, P.A. DeYoung, B.B. Hilldore*, J.D. Hinnefeld, A. Vida, F.D. Becchetti, J. Lupton, T.W. O’Donnel, J.J. Kolata, G. Rogachev, and M. Hencheck. Paper 5P1.072. Division of Nuclear Physics Fall Meeting. East Lansing, MI, October 2002.
“Construction of a Neutron Detection Wall.” J. Bychowchski*, and P.A. DeYoung. PEW Midstates Consortium Undergraduate Research Symposium, University of Chicago, November 2001.