Abstract

Abstracts from the Celebration are published in the annual abstract book and on Digital Commons. 

Please use the following guidelines to format your abstract. You will need to upload your abstract by February 29, using the registration software. Beginning February 1st, you may only access your registration from your confirmation email from events@hope.edu.

Format – Guidelines
How to Name Your Abstract Document File

For one presenter:
yourlastname_dept_yearofresearch.doc (.docx, or .pdf)

For Example: boehme_history_2015.docx

For more than one presenter:
yourlastname_co-presenter'slastname_dept_yearofresearch.doc

For example: gallemore_lindberg_debruine_biochemistry_2015.docx

How to Format Your Abstract

Research Title (capitalize first letter of each main word) 

Author(s) (Use a comma between each author and “and” before the final name. List all authors of the project, including co-authors not present at the Celebration event.)
Mentor: Dr(s). or Professor (First and last name, use a comma between each and “and” before the last name. Use “Professor” if mentor does not have a PhD.)
Department(s) of XXX and XXX

Body of Abstract (No more than 300 words; no paragraph indents; use only one character space after each period (.))

This material is based upon work supported by the xxx (list federal or private agency) under grant No. xxx.
        OR
This research was supported by the xxx.
Sample Abstracts

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Objects of Desire: Mimetic Theory in Middle-earth

Anna Goodling
Mentor: Dr. Curtis Gruenler
Department of English

Twentieth century author J. R. R. Tolkien permanently impacted the world of fantasy with his work in Middle-earth. Countless aspects of his legendarium have been examined by readers, scholars, and critics, who view them through widely-varying lenses of literary theory and criticism in an attempt to interpret the ideas central to Tolkien’s universe. However, few scholars have explored the relationship between Tolkien’s works and literary theorist René Girard’s concepts of mimetic desire and scapegoating, leaving this relatively untraversed field ripe for study. Girard’s mimetic theory offers insight into Tolkien’s understanding and portrayal of power by providing a method of interpreting his use of objects of power to demonstrate the corruptive nature of such items and the rivalry they incite. This research examines Girard’s theories, applying his ideas of triangular, imitative desire for an Object to the texts of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings.

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From Satire to Struggle: An Analysis of Changing American Identity Using Our Show; a Humorous Account of the International Exposition

Hope Hancock
Mentor: Dr. Jeanne Petit
Andrew W. Mellon Scholars Program and Department of History

In 1876, Philadelphia hosted the Centennial Exhibition to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. The Exhibition operated as a platform for the United States to showcase all of its innovations and demonstrate how far the young nation had come in 100 years. The Exhibition quickly gained international popularity and attracted 10 million visitors over the span of the six months it was open. However, not all Americans took the Exhibition so seriously. Our Show; a Humorous Account of the International Exposition, co-written by Philadelphians David Solis Cohen and Harry B. Sommer, is a satirical book that was published in 1875, prior to the opening of the Exhibition. In Our Show, Cohen and Sommer poked fun at everything from the building materials used to the members to the Centennial Board. The authors used Our Show to provide a platform for Americans to grapple with the fluctuating identity of the United States. Relying on ambiguity and wit, Cohen and Sommer discuss ways that United States’ society was changing in terms of women’s roles in society, the rise of industrialization, and the growth of an excessive culture. This project explores how historians can use humorous and satirical publications to understand the impact of social change in American society.

This project was supported by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Scholars Program in the Arts & Humanities at Hope College.

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Long Term Trends in Size Distribution of Eastern Hemlocks in West Michigan Dune Forests

Andrew Gomez-Seoane and Eric Hederstedt
Mentor: Dr. K. Greg Murray
Department of Biology

Size distributions of trees often yield valuable clues about changing environmental conditions and the responses of populations to them. In a recent study, the size distribution of Eastern Hemlocks was measured in several forests near Lake Michigan to determine whether active recruitment into the population was taking place at a similar rate as in the past. The diameter at breast height as well as cores samples were taken for all hemlocks present in selected stands. Analysis found that the size distribution was strongly skewed toward the intermediate and larger tree size classes suggesting a failure of recent recruitment relative to that in the past. Experimental transplantation of hemlock saplings in select stands has yielded a possible link with herbivory due to the gradual increase of white tail deer populations as the primary cause of decline among hemlocks. Other studies in the Lake Michigan region, both inland and coastal, have documented a perceived decline in hemlock populations based on sample data and paleoecological trends. If the observed trend continues into the future, Eastern Hemlock will most likely continue to decline in density in these forests over the long term.

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Photographic Representations of Happiness in USA and Japan

Elizabeth Reynolds, Nicole Demikis-Bayron, and Erika Ryan
Mentors: Dr. Deirdre Johnston1 and Dr. Rika Hanamitsu2
1Department of Communication, Hope College and 2Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan

Happiness is a universal emotion, but how people construct the meaning of happiness may be culturally determined. The study explores a cross-cultural comparison of the awareness, photographic representation of, and feelings associated with, experiences of everyday happiness. The research question examines whether there are differences in the construction of the meaning of happiness by American and Japanese college students. An ethnographic design was used to collect happy experiences through photographs. The sample of 200 was stratified by age range (student, young adult, middle-age, and elderly), culture and sex, with 60 college students as the sub-sample. Participants completed a pre-test employing Deiner’s Flourishing Scale (2009). A packet including a disposable camera, a Photo Release Form, and Photo Response Cards were disseminated, instructing participants to take 5 photographs during moments of happiness, over a 24-hour period. The post-test included the Flourishing Scale and questions regarding how comprehensive and typical their photos were in representing their happiness. Researchers qualitatively analyzed 300 photographs and narratives for cultural themes and dimensions by which happiness experiences vary. Coding categories were then developed and inter-rater reliability was assessed. Participant narratives were coded for emotional complexity according to the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (Lane, Quinlan, Schwartz, Walker & Zeinlin, 1990). A ANOVA was conducted to compare pre- and post-test flourishing scales to find whether reflecting on happiness significantly impacted respondents’ reported happiness. Researchers found cultural differences in Japanese and American students’ reporting of source of happiness, meaning of happiness, arousal level of happiness, awareness and cognitive processing of happy experiences, what kinds of satisfied needs engender happiness, and the impact of reflecting on happiness on one’s overall level of flourishing. 

This material is based upon work supported by the Frost Research Center at Hope College