Collection Development Policy

Weeding Criteria and Guidelines

The Hope College Libraries collection continuously evolves to support the curriculum, College mission, and student needs. Periodically, items will be removed using the following criteria and guidelines: age, condition, online availability, relevance to the curriculum, and use. These items are addressed in detail below.

(revised June 16, 2009)

Age:
Age refers to how old the work is as measured by date of publication. The latest imprint date will be used to determine age.

  1. Published since 1860: May have become brittle due to acid in the paper. Refer to the section on "condition" for instructions.
  2. Imprint date prior to 1900: Candidates for withdrawal or transfer to a special collection. No item in the collection should be withdrawn simply on the basis of age, but age can be a contributing factor in de-selection decisions.
  3. Obsolescence: Consider how quickly information becomes dated in a given discipline, and select candidates for withdrawal based on that period of obsolescence.

Condition:
A complex set of factors should be considered when deciding the fate of a particular item. Selectors should remember that material can be treated in house, sent to a binder or replaced. If the text is valuable enough to keep, we will find a way to preserve it. If the text does not meet retention criteria based on appropriateness or age, condition may tip the keep-or-discard balance.

  1. Condition of paper: Brittle paper is the result of chemical impurities combined with the effects of heat, light, and air pollution. A simple test of paper strength is the three-fold test: fold an inconspicuous corner back and forth three times; if it breaks or tears the paper is too brittle for binding. Loose pages may be tipped in by our menders, but more than five pages per volume may be a problem.
  2. Markings and underlinings: Minor notations may not distract the user, but extensive highlighting, underlining, and commentaries can make the volume unusable because it may mislead the reader, or discourage thinking on their own. Marks in pencil can be erased. More extensive markings should be judged as damaging the text, and replacement should be considered.
  3. Condition of binding: Broken, torn, or worn bindings and covers can be repaired in house. Damaged items should be reviewed by the in-house mending staff for local vs. bindery decisions. If the decision to retain is based on the possibility of repair, check with mending staff first.
  4. Width of margin: If a volume is sent to the bindery, the inner margins will be reduced by either new sewing or gluing and trimming. Binders also trim the outer margins when rebinding. The text should be checked for sufficient margin on all pages, particularly illustration or map pages. In-house repair may reduce the inner margin but will not affect outer margins.
  5. Probable use: Placing a damaged item in a book box in order to protect it from further deterioration might make the book less useable, particularly in an undergraduate setting. Selectors will have to determine the value of the text vs. the severity of the damage. Severely damaged items still in print should be replaced.

Multiple Copies:
Normally the library will own only one copy of an item. When deciding which copy(ies) to keep, consider condition, whether one or all have gift plates, and their use. Multiples should be withdrawn unless:

  1. There is a heavy use pattern.
  2. It is a gift item. We use great care in weeding titles with gift plates and use discretion in their disposal.
  3. It has DND (Do Not Discard) or Only Copy in MI GLCA (Michigan Great Lakes College Association) and the date inside the back cover. However, these items may still be considered for withdrawal given current conditions.
  4. Each copy goes in a different collection (i.e. Faculty publications). (Added July 16, 2009).
  5. We generally do not keep multiple editions unless there is a compelling reason to do so.(Revised February 17, 2009)

Relevance to the Curriculum:
While the primary principle guiding our collection development will be support of the curriculum, important secondary purposes include support of faculty research and of materials that enhance the college's ability to educate the whole person. Books should be:

  1. Written at a level appropriate for Hope College students.
  2. Pertinent to issues discussed in current course offerings OR of significant interest for a specific discipline offered at Hope College OR of broad general interest OR appropriate to an existing special collection.
  3. Consistent with current approaches and values within a discipline OR of significant value as a "classic" in a field OR a primary source.

Possible sources to consult:

  • Resources for College Libraries
  • Guide to Reference
  • Choice online database
  • MeLCat and WorldCAT holdings
  • Subject guides / bibliographies
  • Essay and General Literature Index
  • Usage statistics
  • Hope College course catalog
  • Faculty

 (Added July 16, 2009)

Use:
There are two ways to check if a book has been used. One is to use the online system; the other is to look at the checkout list in the back of the book itself. Each method has advantages and disadvantages.

Checking Online:
A library staff member can check usage information by accessing the public catalog in staff mode:

  1. Log in.
  2. Find the title to be analyzed.
  3. Choose the individual item record near the bottom of the record.
  4. Note: total checkouts (includes numbers transferred from DRA), ytdcirc (year to date circulations; this number is included in the total), and 1yrcirc (last year's circulations; this number is also included in the total).

The DRA system ran from 1988 until 2003. The Innovative system was brought up in the summer of 2003. There are no online circulation statistics prior to 1988.

Checking the Item Date-Due Slip:

  1. Remember that the slip may have been inserted recently. If there is no slip, the item probably has not circulated since 1988 when it was bar coded. Filled slips are not retained.
  2. Clusters of dates often indicate use by a class. Clusters followed by a period of inactivity may show that the information in the text is no longer useful, or may simply mean a particular class is no longer taught.
  3. Items on open reserve do not have date due slips, but are counted online as they are returned to the shelves.

Additional Criteria to Consider:

  • Items that are exclusively owned by Hope College Libraries and not held by other Mel Libraries.
  • Items containing “Do not Discard” notes.
  • Items with gift plates.

(Revised June 16, 2009)

Discarding Materials:
Methods of disposal depends on the type of material being considered. (Added July 16, 2009). Those methods include:

Offered for sale through a professional book dealer.

  • Offered for sale on campus.
  • Disseminated through no-cost international distributors.
  • Recycling.

Print journals duplicated electronically by a stable source committed to archival access for purchasers/subscribers will be discarded at the discretion of the librarians on a title-by-title basis after they are removed from the current periodicals shelving.

Prepared by the Van Wylen Library Collection Development Team, March 2002

Last Revised August 2009