Plagiarism: Hope College Official Policy on Plagiarism
The following statements appear in the Hope College Catalog.
Plagiarism is the dishonest presentation of the work of others as if it were one's own. Writers, speakers, musicians, artists, or computer programmers-whether students or professionals-commit plagiarism when they present, without proper acknowledgement, all or part of another person's work as if it were their own. Because plagiarism violates the expectations of trust and honesty necessary for academic work in an ethical community, it is a serious offense. In addition, plagiarism undercuts the basic purposes of higher education by short-circuiting the processes of inquiry, reflection, and communication that lead to learning.
Plagiarism can take several forms, including but not limited to:
- Using the exact words of another writer in part of a paper without both citation and quotation marks (or block indentation in the case of longer quotations).
- Cutting and pasting material from Internet or other electronic resources without proper citation of sources.
- Including the paraphrased or summarized idea of another writer without acknowledging its source.
- Accepting excessive assistance from another person in writing a paper without informing readers of the nature and extent of that collaboration.
- Submitting for credit a complete paper or portion of a paper written by another person, no matter whether the paper was purchased, shared freely, stolen, found, or acquired by other means.
- Submitting music, drawings, paintings, sculptures, or photographs that copy or rely closely on the work of other artists, without explicitly citing the original source.
- Writing a computer program that is the same or closely similar to existing sources.
- Accepting credit for a project, multimedia presentation, poster, or other assignment that draws dishonestly on the work of others.
Duplicate submission is also a violation of academic integrity, because every assignment presumes that new inquiry and effort will produce new learning, and submitting a paper already written for another occasion subverts this learning. Submitting the same original paper for credit in more than one class in the same semester, without the expressed permission of both instructors involved, is not acceptable. Using the same paper or closely similar material from one semester to fulfill a requirement in another semester is normally not allowed without specific permission from the instructor. If students receive the same or similar assignments in different courses, they should consult with the professor about alternate assignments.
Recognizing that students may sometimes commit plagiarism unintentionally because they do not know the conventions of quotation, citation, and acknowledgement, professors may deal with cases of plagiarism in different ways.
When in the professor's judgment the student intends to do honest work but doesn't yet understand the conventions of academic quotation and acknowledgment, the professor may require the student to rewrite the paper, may lower the grade on the paper, or may fail the paper.
However, when a case of plagiarism results not from ignorance of conventions but from actions by which the writer deceives the professor about sources of words or ideas, or by which the writer tries to fulfill an assignment without doing all of the necessary work, the ordinary sanction will be failure in the course.
Cases of plagiarism that result in a failing grade for an assignment or for a course must be reported to the Provost in order to prevent any individual from plagiarizing repeatedly and each time professing ignorance. If a student plagiarizes repeatedly, the Provost may apply additional penalties, including dismissal from the college.